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Level 1
Unit No:
Guided learning hours:
30 hours

Assessment Guidance

Portfolio of Evidence


This unit considers the possible causes of a physical disability. Learners then have the opportunity to consider the challenges faced by disabled people in day-to-day life.

Unit Learning Outcomes


Know the importance of a person centred approach when working with individuals with a physical disability.

Learners need to understand the meaning of a 'person-centred' approach. This may include

  • empowering individuals to make their own decisions
  • respecting their opinions and values
  • involving individuals in decision making

Examples may include:

  • talking with the individual to find out what challenges they have and finding practical solutions
  • making resources available so that the individual can decide when and where they can use them

Assessment Criteria

  • 1.1

    Outline why it is important to recognise and value an individual with a physical disability as a person first.

  • 1.2

    Give examples of how to use a person centred approach when working with individuals with a physical disability.


Know the main causes of physical disability.

Learner should be able to define the term disability as a physical condition that affects a person’s mobility, physical capacity, stamina or dexterity.

It is useful to also know the legal definition ‘a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial or long term negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities’ (Equality Act 2010)

Causes of physical disability may include:

  • prenatal and perinatal complications
  • genetic disorders
  • injuries, illness, infection

Examples of conditions may include:

  • brain or spinal injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, respiratory disorders, epilepsy, hearing and visual impairment

Assessment Criteria

  • 2.1

    Define the term physical disability.

  • 2.2

    Give examples of conditions that cause physical disability.


Know how the challenges of living with a physical disability can be addressed.

Factors that have a disabling effect on an individual may include:

  • barriers that prevent independence e.g. can't access buildings, use public transport easily
  • people's attitudes

Examples of how to challenge discriminatory attitudes may include:

  • avoid stereotyping and making assumptions
  • know how to respond when you come across situations of discrimination
  • challenge, if appropriate

Effects on daily life may include:

  • need for support to carry out day-to-day tasks
  • use of specific aids to maintain independence
  • prone to infection and ill health
  • may not have any significant effects

Examples of how individuals can be in control of their care needs may include:

  • adaptations to their home environment
  • they are involved in decision making about their care needs

The importance of promoting independence may include:

  • it is a human right
  • encourage confidence, self-respect, purpose

Ways to promote inclusion may include:

  • help to change attitudes by being a role model
  • having a better understanding of prejudice and discrimination
  • challenge own thinking
  • changing the environment to support the person join in e.g. such as ramps
  • having large print books or audio recordings
  • using braille

Assessment Criteria

  • 3.1

    Identify factors that have a disabling effect on an individual.

  • 3.2

    Give examples of how to challenge discriminatory attitudes.

  • 3.3

    Outline the effects that having a physical disability can have on an individual’s day to day life.

  • 3.4

    Give examples of how individuals can be in control of their care needs.

  • 3.5

    Outline the importance of promoting independence for individuals with physical disability.

  • 3.6

    Give examples of ways to promote the inclusion of individuals with physical disability in society.