Portfolio of Evidence
This unit considers the possible causes of a physical disability. Learners then have the opportunity to consider the challenges faced by disabled people in day-to-day life.
Unit Learning Outcomes
Know the importance of a person centred approach when working with individuals with a physical disability.
Learners need to understand the meaning of a 'person-centred' approach. This may include
- empowering individuals to make their own decisions
- respecting their opinions and values
- involving individuals in decision making
Examples may include:
- talking with the individual to find out what challenges they have and finding practical solutions
- making resources available so that the individual can decide when and where they can use them
Outline why it is important to recognise and value an individual with a physical disability as a person first.
Give examples of how to use a person centred approach when working with individuals with a physical disability.
Know the main causes of physical disability.
Learner should be able to define the term disability as a physical condition that affects a person’s mobility, physical capacity, stamina or dexterity.
It is useful to also know the legal definition ‘a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial or long term negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities’ (Equality Act 2010)
Causes of physical disability may include:
- prenatal and perinatal complications
- genetic disorders
- injuries, illness, infection
Examples of conditions may include:
- brain or spinal injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, respiratory disorders, epilepsy, hearing and visual impairment
Define the term physical disability.
Give examples of conditions that cause physical disability.
Know how the challenges of living with a physical disability can be addressed.
Factors that have a disabling effect on an individual may include:
- barriers that prevent independence e.g. can't access buildings, use public transport easily
- people's attitudes
Examples of how to challenge discriminatory attitudes may include:
- avoid stereotyping and making assumptions
- know how to respond when you come across situations of discrimination
- challenge, if appropriate
Effects on daily life may include:
- need for support to carry out day-to-day tasks
- use of specific aids to maintain independence
- prone to infection and ill health
- may not have any significant effects
Examples of how individuals can be in control of their care needs may include:
- adaptations to their home environment
- they are involved in decision making about their care needs
The importance of promoting independence may include:
- it is a human right
- encourage confidence, self-respect, purpose
Ways to promote inclusion may include:
- help to change attitudes by being a role model
- having a better understanding of prejudice and discrimination
- challenge own thinking
- changing the environment to support the person join in e.g. such as ramps
- having large print books or audio recordings
- using braille
Identify factors that have a disabling effect on an individual.
Give examples of how to challenge discriminatory attitudes.
Outline the effects that having a physical disability can have on an individual’s day to day life.
Give examples of how individuals can be in control of their care needs.
Outline the importance of promoting independence for individuals with physical disability.
Give examples of ways to promote the inclusion of individuals with physical disability in society.