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Overview

Framework:
RQF
Level:
Level 2
Unit No:
L/505/2430
Credits:
3
Guided learning hours:
24 hours

Assessment Guidance

Portfolio of Evidence

Aim

In this unit learners will find out how infection spreads and ways to prevent and control infection.

Unit Learning Outcomes

1

Know about the spread of infection.

Learning Outcome 1: Indicative Content  

Infections may spread due to:

  • a person being infected with a disease
  • a person incubating a disease although they do not know it
  • someone who is a carrier of the disease
  • household pets
  • a reservoir of infection e.g. dust, food, saliva, urine and faeces, pus from a wound, sinks or drains

Some individuals may be more vulnerable due to:

  • low immune system as a result of illness
  • their age e.g. young children, elderly
  • working in a high risk area or work or country

Breaking the chain of infection may minimise the spread because:

  • the germs may be destroyed
  • the germs can no longer react within the body 

Assessment Criteria

  • 1.1
    Outline how infections spread.
  • 1.2
    State why some individuals are more vulnerable to infection than others.
  • 1.3
    Explain how breaking the chain of infections minimises their spread.

2

Know how health and social care or children's and young people’s settings prevent and control infections.

Learning Outcome 2: Indicative Content  

The role of infection control policies may include:


  • take precautions to prevent infection 
  • rules to follow to break chain of infection as quickly as possible 
  • guidelines on incubation or quarantine periods

Ways policies influence practice may include:


  • policies set the standard to be maintained
  • promote high standards of cleanliness
  • all workers and users can work together to ensure high standards
  • workers have clear guidelines to follow and can educate users

Assessment Criteria

  • 2.1

    Outline the role of infection control and prevention policies and guidelines in health and social care or children's and young people’s settings

  • 2.2

    Describe ways in which infection control and prevention policies and guidelines influence practice in health and social care or children's and young people’s settings


3

Know how personal hygiene contributes to infection prevention and control in health and social care or children's and young people’s settings.

Learning Outcome 3: Indicative Content  

Importance of good personal hygiene may include:


  • prevention of infection
  • infection control
  • role model for other workers and health and social care users

Learners should demonstrate their knowledge of routines and practices to support infection prevention and control. This should include:


  • hand hygiene
  • use of personal protective equipment in different situations
  • safe use and disposal of sharps, if appropriate for learners
  • waste disposal
  • cleaning the environment including equipment
  • dealing with spillages of blood and bodily fluids

Assessment Criteria

  • 3.1
    Explain the importance of good personal hygiene in health and social care or children and young people’s settings.
  • 3.2
    Describe personal hygiene, including hand hygiene, routines or practices that support infection prevention and control in health and social care or children and young people’s settings.

4

Understand how to reduce the risk of infection in health and social care or children's and young people’s settings.

Learning Outcome 4: Indicative Content  

Ways to managing coughing and sneezing may include:

  • encouraging person to cover mouth and nose with tissue
  • putting tissue in the bin immediately after use
  • washing hands after coughing or sneezing or blowing nose

Dealing with spillages of blood and body fluids may include:

  • dealing with them as quickly as possible
  • keeping users away from the spillage
  • using personal protective clothing
  • using appropriate solutions to kill bacteria
  • absorb spillage with disposable materials, if necessary
  • wipe area and dry with appropriate disposal materials
  • follow hand washing procedures

Disposing of person, protective equipment and other waste may include:

  • put waste into appropriate containers e.g. hazardous or non hazardous
  • make sure bins are never full
  • follow procedures for emptying bins on a regular basis
  • wear PPE to empty bins
  • follow guidelines for disposing of disposable gloves and aprons
  • when finished follow hand washing procedures

Assessment Criteria

  • 4.1
    Explain how to manage coughing and sneezing to minimise the spread of infection.
  • 4.2
    Explain how to manage spilled blood and bodily fluids to minimise the spread of infection.
  • 4.3
    Explain how to dispose of personal, protective equipment and other waste appropriately.

5

Be able to encourage staff and clients/children in health and social care or children's and young people’s settings to adopt practices that reduce the risk of infection.

Learning Outcome 5: Indicative Content  

Different strategies to communicate with staff and clients about infection control may include:


  • formal letters
  • leaflets
  • on-line or face-to-face training
  • practical demonstrations
  • guidelines

Assessment Criteria

  • 5.1
    Use appropriate strategies to
    a) inform staff and clients/children of the importance of infection prevention and control
    b) advise staff and clients/children on good practice in reducing the risk of infection

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