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Overview

Framework:
RQF
Level:
Level 1
Unit No:
D/505/2531
Credits:
3
Guided learning hours:
30 hours

Assessment Guidance

Portfolio of Evidence.

Aim

This unit gives learners an understanding of learning disabilities and the importance of effective communication for the individual.

Unit Learning Outcomes

1

Know the importance of a person centred approach when working with individuals with a learning disability.

Learners need to understand the meaning of a 'person-centred' approach. This may include

  • empowering individuals to make their own decisions
  • respecting their opinions and values
  • involving individuals in decision making

Examples may include:

  • talking with the individual to find out what challenges they have and finding practical solutions
  • making resources available so that the individual can decide when and where they can use them

Assessment Criteria

  • 1.1
    Outline why it is important to recognise and value an individual with a learning disability as a person first.
  • 1.2
    Give examples of how to use a person centred approach when working with individuals with a learning disability.

2

Know the main causes of learning disability.

A definition of the term 'learning disability' may include some of the following:

  • reduced intellectual ability
  • difficulties with everyday activities e.g. household tasks, socialising or managing money
  • take longer to learn
  • difficulty understanding complex information
  • may be mild or profound

Causes of a learning disability may include:

  • brain damage as a result of an injury, accident or illness
  • prenatal difficulties
  • difficulties at birth
  • early childhood illnesses
  • genetics

NB learners needs to understand that learning disability is often confused with learning difficulty such as Dyslexia or ADHD

Assessment Criteria

  • 2.1
    Outline what is meant by the term ‘learning disability’.
  • 2.2
    Give examples of causes of learning disability.

3

Understand the importance of effective communication for individuals with a learning disability.

Examples of the impact of effective communication on individuals may include:

  • better understanding of daily tasks
  • improved quality of life
  • improved level of concentration

Importance of using language appropriate to the age and ability of the person may include:

  • better understanding and less confusion
  • able to help the person progress for where they are
  • builds confidence and self esteem

Different methods of communication may include:

  • use of digital products
  • Makaton or sign language
  • visual and tactile aids

Assessment Criteria

  • 3.1
    Identify the impact of effective communication on the lives of individuals with a learning disability.
  • 3.2
    Outline why it is important to use language that is appropriate for age and ability when communicating with individuals with a learning disability.
  • 3.3
    Give examples of different methods of communication that can be used where individuals have difficulty with spoken language.