Portfolio of Evidence.
This unit gives learners an understanding of learning disabilities and the importance of effective communication for the individual.
Unit Learning Outcomes
Know the importance of a person centred approach when working with individuals with a learning disability.
Learners need to understand the meaning of a 'person-centred' approach. This may include
- empowering individuals to make their own decisions
- respecting their opinions and values
- involving individuals in decision making
Examples may include:
- talking with the individual to find out what challenges they have and finding practical solutions
- making resources available so that the individual can decide when and where they can use them
1.1Outline why it is important to recognise and value an individual with a learning disability as a person first.
1.2Give examples of how to use a person centred approach when working with individuals with a learning disability.
Know the main causes of learning disability.
A definition of the term 'learning disability' may include some of the following:
- reduced intellectual ability
- difficulties with everyday activities e.g. household tasks, socialising or managing money
- take longer to learn
- difficulty understanding complex information
- may be mild or profound
Causes of a learning disability may include:
- brain damage as a result of an injury, accident or illness
- prenatal difficulties
- difficulties at birth
- early childhood illnesses
NB learners needs to understand that learning disability is often confused with learning difficulty such as Dyslexia or ADHD
2.1Outline what is meant by the term ‘learning disability’.
2.2Give examples of causes of learning disability.
Understand the importance of effective communication for individuals with a learning disability.
Examples of the impact of effective communication on individuals may include:
- better understanding of daily tasks
- improved quality of life
- improved level of concentration
Importance of using language appropriate to the age and ability of the person may include:
- better understanding and less confusion
- able to help the person progress for where they are
- builds confidence and self esteem
Different methods of communication may include:
- use of digital products
- Makaton or sign language
- visual and tactile aids
3.1Identify the impact of effective communication on the lives of individuals with a learning disability.
3.2Outline why it is important to use language that is appropriate for age and ability when communicating with individuals with a learning disability.
3.3Give examples of different methods of communication that can be used where individuals have difficulty with spoken language.