Portfolio of Evidence
Unit Learning Outcomes
Know how criminal law has evolved.
- Evolution of law includes: custom and practice, religious influences, standards of behaviour, definitions
- Outcomes of previous cases include: precedent, decisions made, impact of media, legal interpretation.
1.1Describe the evolution of criminal law from common law to present day legislation.
1.2Outline how the outcomes of previous cases (defined and stated) influence current practice in trying cases.
Know about police powers as set out in legislation.
- Powers of police could include: stop, search, arrest, identification, investigation
- Codes of practice could include: cautioning, record keeping, rights, bail.
2.1Describe the powers available to the police to deal with suspects.
2.2Outline the codes of practice which govern police powers, including any published amendments.
Know about rights of suspects as set out in legislation.
Rights could include: grounds for arrest, cautions, tape of video recording, access to solicitor, access to adult, welfare including food and drink, telephone calls, visitors.
3.1Describe the legal rights of a person at the time of arrest, while in police custody, before and after charge.
Know how the police and Crown Prosecution Service establish that an offence has been committed and build a case for prosecution.
- Criteria to determine an offence include: laid down in law
- Process for building a case include:evidence collection and presentation, witness statements, prove beyond all reasonable doubt.
4.1Outline the criteria used to determine that an offence has been committed and that there are grounds for prosecution.
4.2Describe the process by which a case is built.
Understand the role of key people and main processes in a trial.
Key processes include: public and closed hearings, roles of key personal, evidence and witnesses, oaths, questioning, cross examination, juries, courts legal advisors, defence and prosecution.
5.1Explain the role of
• the prosecutor
• the defence
• the judge and jury
• magistrates and their advisers.
5.2Outline the key processes of a trial.