This unit is expiring
The expiry date of this unit is 31/07/2024.


Access to HE
Level 3
Unit No:
Guided learning hours:
Not available

Qualification Grading Type


Grade Descriptors

  • GD1-Understanding the subject
  • GD2-Application of knowledge
  • GD4-Use of information
  • GD7-Quality

Unit Learning Outcomes


Understand theories of criminality.

Assessment Criteria

  • 1.1

    Explain biological theories of criminality.

    Including genetic theories.

  • 1.2

    Explain individualistic theories of criminality.

    Learning and psychodynamic/psychological theories

  • 1.3

    Explain sociological theories of criminality.

    • Social structure theories
    • Social reaction theory
    • Interactionism
    • Realism
  • 1.4

    Analyse the development of criminological theories.

    Include the timeline, how theories are established and evolve.


Understand causes of criminality.

Assessment Criteria

  • 2.1

    Analyse situations of criminality.


    • Forms of crime
    • Individual criminal behaviour
    • Offending behaviour
    • Differentiation between offending and delinquent/anti-social behaviour
    • Potential and actual criminal
  • 2.2

    Explain the likely cause of criminality.

  • 2.3

    Evaluate the suitability of criminological theories to explain causes of criminality.


Know traditional approaches used to respond to criminal activity.

Assessment Criteria

  • 3.1

    Evaluate traditional approaches to responding to crime.

    This includes:

    • random patrol and response
    • stop and search
    • investigation and detection
    • intensive enforcement.
  • 3.2

    Analyse policing approaches used to solve a specific crime.


Understand the factors that affect victims, witnesses and vulnerable people and how this may impact on their need for support

Assessment Criteria

  • 4.1

    Explain how crime impacts on victims, witnesses and the vulnerable.

  • 4.2

    Explain how technology can be used by criminals to target vulnerable people.

  • 4.3

    Explain why victims, witnesses and vulnerable people may be reluctant to report crimes committed against them.

  • 4.4

    Explain how to use legislation, guidelines of good practice and service standards to support and protect victims, witnesses and vulnerable people.