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Overview

Framework:
RQF
Level:
Level 2
Unit No:
J/615/7705
Credits:
3
Guided learning hours:
24 hours

Assessment Guidance

Portfolio of Evidence

Aim

The aim of this unit is to help learners understand the importance of cash flow and the impact of efficient management of money in a business.

Unit Learning Outcomes

1

Know key costs and expenditure for businesses.

Key costs of running a business may include:

  • start up costs
  • operating costs - fixed, indirect, variable, direct costs, total costs

Types of expenditure may include:

  • staffing
  • building eg lighting, heating
  • equipment

Assessment Criteria

  • 1.1

    Identify the key costs associated with running a business.
  • 1.2
    Identify different types of expenditure associated with running a business

2

Know about key records needed to manage finance in a business context.

For 2.1 learners need to define key business terms.

Examples of financial records that may be kept include:

  • invoices, receipts
  • income and expenditure
  • income tax

Importance of financial records may include:

  • know costs, income and expenditure to make sure you can afford what to do
  • report income and expenditure to appropriate authorities eg Inland Revenue, shareholders, managers, owner
  • helps with forecasting future plans
  • required for auditing purposes

Assessment Criteria

  • 2.1
    Define key business terms, for example, income, expenditure, turnover, cash flow, gross and net profit.
  • 2.2
    Describe the financial records that a business needs to keep.
  • 2.3
    Explain why financial records are important, including legal requirements.

3

Know why managing cash flow is important to businesses.

The role and importance of cash flow may include:

  • net change of a business from one period to the next
  • may not have sufficient money to pay for next period
  • key indicator of the financial health of a business

Factors that affect cash flow may include:

  • poor or good sales
  • loans
  • increased costs and overheads
  • timing of payments by the business and to the business

Ways cash flow can lead to business failure may include:

  • poor management of cash flow
  • loss of key accounts
  • limited or no new customers
  • lack of management control
  • inadequate or inappropriate financing

Ways to monitor and manage cash flow may include:

  • analysis of cost, revenue and profit
  • breakeven analysis
  • cash flow analysis

Assessment Criteria

  • 3.1
    Explain the role and importance of cash to the operation of a business.
  • 3.2
    Describe factors that affect cash flow in a business.
  • 3.3
    Explain how cash flow problems can lead to business failure.
  • 3.4
    Describe how to monitor and manage cash flow.

4

Be able to produce and use financial documents

Learners must provide sufficient and valid evidence to achieve this outcome.

Assessment Criteria

  • 4.1
    Produce a basic spreadsheet showing income and expenditure.
  • 4.2
    Interpret simple accounts over a specified period.

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